Download: Definition and implications of the concept of own car. Senate report.

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Report of the Parliamentary Office for Evaluation of Scientific and Technological choice.

The definition and implications of the concept of own car, by MM. Christian Cabal and Claude GATIGNOL, deputies.


By changing the social status, that is to say by spending scarce luxury product to a massively distributed and possessed object, the car has become an essential element of our modern societies. The driver's license is the most past and most successful examination within an age group, ahead bachelor's, without the massive success has never needed a government support. Possession pink butterfly has become both the symbol of the majority and independence, and mandatory passport to employment.

By becoming unavoidable, the car has also become the subject of ideological debates. Some could speak of "automobile dependence" of our society, characterized by a lack of alternatives to car travel and a change increasingly irreversible urban space depending on what mode of transportation.

Indeed, its distribution has remodeled the spaces, decentralized cities, contributed to the specialization of areas, leading to a mobility suffered more than desired. Therefore, it would cease to adapt the city to the automobile, to force the car to adapt to the city ...

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