The wood pellet stoves or pellet
See other types of wood stoves
Appeared to the public in the early 2000 years, pellet stoves have quickly spread.
Their look, power and performance are varied. They cost not posed between 1500 and 6000 € (hydraulic model) and weigh between 100 and 250 kg.
The pellets are contained in a reservoir located above, on the side or back of the device. An auger pushes the fuel directly to the burner.
Their use is entirely
automatic, electronically controlled.
The yield goes to 80 90%.
They offer improved performance compared to the best wood stoves and increasing the ease of use of wood heating but also some disadvantages.
Benefits of pellet stoves compared to firewood stoves:
- Electronic Climate Control,
- Semi-automatic operation (periodic charging required)
- Integrated Reservoir, autonomy from several hours to several days (in the best case, a mass stove 12h autonomy)
- Very important yield (of 80 95 in%)
- No chimney needed: a hole facade enough. One can even imagine putting a pellet stove in the apartment under condition that has a balcony or terrace to place the discharge pipe (and the trustee permits of course!)
- Types with hydraulic connection on central heating or for hot water,
- Less ash and maintenance than a conventional stove,
- Cleaner: as in the handling of wood in pollution
- Generally eligible for the tax credit or more aid than a conventional stove (but this should not be a major selling point from the seller).
Disadvantages of pellet stoves compared to firewood stoves:
- Requires a power socket so power consumption and may have no heating in case of power failure
- For control purposes, the room air is mixed mechanically by the construction (mechanical blower) and the combustion air is also forced. The operation is (much) more noisy than a stove with logs (almost silent by nature)
- Not that burn pellets: for breach of supply you have no heating (a log stove can burn any wood ... except pellets)
- More expensive fuel than wood logs but usually cheaper than oil. Read types of firewood for a comparative,
- More than a wood stove of equivalent power,
- Limited lifetime due mainly to the electronic part (a cast iron wood stove is "indestructible" if the fuel used is suitable).
There are also, but hard to find in the trade:
- Pellet inserts
- Pellet stoves stoves
- Pellet stoves can burn logs