The logs stoves or wood briquettes
See other types of wood stoves
These are the type of individual heating devices: fireplaces (open fires), inserts (sealed burners), wood stoves and mass stoves.
They can burn logs but also of compressed wood briquettes. Read the article on types of firewood to learn more about the briquettes. These heaters can also burn paper, cardboard, green waste (so dry ..) ... Fuel quality is critical (dry) to ensure proper heating, low maintenance (sweeping) and yield always optimum combustion.
The heat from burning wood is transmitted to the room by radiation and / or convection of the surrounding air (except in the case of open fireplaces and fires). There is always a bit of both types of heat transmission but some models strongly favor one or the other.
Their performance ranges from 15% (open fire) to 85% (mass stove). The average yield of the wood stove on the market currently is to 75%.
Favour when choosing a model "green flame" whose combustion, and therefore pollution, and performance improved.
logo label "Green Flame" granted to timber vessels that provide a good combustion quality
- an insert is very near firepot those of "pans" that is ready inserted (hence its name) in a chimney to improve its poor home performance. The efficiency of a fireplace equipped with a properly installed insert can be multiplied over 3 (less 20 over 60%). Especially if the insert has a recovery of calories on the evacuation of fumes. Price not asked: between 500 and 3000 € depending on the materials and performance of the insert.
- A wood stove is a closed fireplace that heats the walls and the air surrounding it. In the current market, shapes and performances are varied. There are stoves of sheet steel "1er price" (about € 200) models "midrange" cast iron radiators (1000-2000 €) and high-end models very design (as a model "Pyramid" with smoke evacuation under the floor ... costing in 10 000 € without installation). The best quality / price is in the pans cast between 1 and 2000 € whose mass is still between 150 and 200 kg.
- A masonry heater is a wood stove "improved", it is a "big" wood stove. Its mass is much higher (between 500 and 2000 kg) and its much larger load capacity. Its materials gradually accumulate heat during combustion of wood for then return to the room by radiation essentially. A masonry heater is custom made and is not movable. It generally constitutes the main heating a home. It is customary to say that a house is built "around" its mass stove.
Illustrations and examples
Deville fireplace insert range Regain, Curve model. integrated ventilation (mechanical optional), modern design. > 70% yield, and 9kW 1100 €.
A good small wood stove while melting Supra 8kW Vosges. 72% yield, green flame for about € 600.
A wood stove Design "luxury" Godin Mihot 12kW to € 5500.