The logs stoves or wood briquettes
See other types of wood stoves
These are the type of individual heating devices: fireplaces (open fires), inserts (sealed burners), wood stoves and mass stoves.
They can burn logs but also of compressed wood briquettes. Read the article on types of firewood to learn more about the briquettes. These heaters can also burn paper, cardboard, green waste (so dry ..) ... Fuel quality is critical (dry) to ensure proper heating, low maintenance (sweeping) and yield always optimum combustion.
The heat from burning wood is transmitted to the room by radiation and / or convection of the surrounding air (except in the case of open fireplaces and fires). There is always a bit of both types of heat transmission but some models strongly favor one or the other.
Their performance ranges from 15% (open fire) to 85% (mass stove). The average yield of the wood stove on the market currently is to 75%.
Choose when you choose a "green flame" model whose combustion, and therefore pollution, and efficiency are improved.
logo "Green Flame" label granted to timber vessels that provide a good combustion quality
- an insert is a combustion fireplace very similar to those of the "stoves" which is inserted (hence its name) into a chimney to improve its poor original performance. The efficiency of a chimney equipped with a well installed insert can be multiplied more than 3 (from minus 20 to more than 60%). Especially if the insert has a calorie recovery on the evacuation of fumes. Price not laid: between 500 and 3000 € according to the materials and performance of the insert.
- A wood stove is a closed fireplace that heats the walls and the air around it. In the current market, the forms and performances are very varied. There are "1er prix" steel plate stoves (around 200 €), "mid-range" models in radiating cast iron (1000-2000 €) and high-end models with a very high design (like a "Pyramide" model). with evacuation of fumes under the floor ... costing in the 10 000 € without installation). The best quality / price compromise is in the cast iron stoves between 1 and 2000 € whose mass is still between 150 and 200 kg.
- A masonry heater is an "improved" wood stove, it's a "big" wood stove. Its mass is much larger (between 500 and 2000 kg) and its load capacity much higher. Its materials gradually accumulate heat during the combustion of the wood and then return it to the room by radiation essentially. A mass stove is custom made and is not movable. It is usually the main heating of a house. It is customary to say that a house is built "around" its mass stove.
Illustrations and examples
Deville fireplace insert range Regain, Curve model. integrated ventilation (mechanical optional), modern design. > 70% yield, and 9kW 1100 €.
A good small wood stove while melting Supra 8kW Vosges. 72% yield, green flame for about € 600.
A wood stove Design "luxury" GODIN Mihot 12kW to 5500 €.