sold new auto listings in France subject to the Bonus or Malus.
There is a glaring imbalance between cars benefiting from a bonus and that subject to a penalty.
Econologiquement, buying a car is not a sustainable investment so we can understand that imbalance. However the state has promised that the amount of revenue (= Malus received) would be equal to the expenditure (= Bonus paid). See: environmental bonus new cars, Q
At the sight of this important asymmetry, it is highly doubtful that promise. Hoping the surplus collected serve other sustainable developments ...