Letter sent to Members and a sénéteur of Seine Maritime by Armand LEGAY, Master in Sociology and author of the study DEA alcohol biofuel
In Le Havre on February 22 08
The scandal is not only the refusal of oil introducing biofuels in diesel as the great, 5 evening 75 2008% for and to charge 500 million consumers. It is also elsewhere.
Indeed, the Charter for the development of the bioethanol industry E85 was signed on November 13 2006 under the aegis of the Prime Minister of the Age, Dominique de Villepin. By signing, fuel distributors (retail and petroleum), car manufacturers (PSA Peugeot Citroen, Renault, Ford, Saab, Volvo), ethanol producers (CGB, AGPB, AGPM) and State pledged to ensure the launch in 2007 and development in France of bioethanol E85 sector.
With this government plan biofuel from January 2007, 600 E85 pumps (85% ethanol, 15% gasoline) should be installed in the hexagon, whose 40% by Total Elfina, or there are only 200 of installed and even with overt discrimination on Havraise region where the product is E85.
Indeed, there is a paradox on the implementation of these pumps in maritime Seine, in relation to their location. For example on Le Havre no pump is installed when the Rouen region six, one being installed.
On the territory of the Le Havre conurbation, so the desert for this renewable fuel, when the elect of the Republic, controversial or supporters are against (the tip of lips) or advocate the establishment of two central coal when we are one region or area (depending on weather) the most polluted of France.
And they know, these elected officials, that sequestration CO2 is not developed, as well as its assimilation by farmed marine plants.
The delay that persists in this plan comes from a different direction taken by President Sarkozy with the conclusions of the Grenelle October 2007 environment that has been a media distraction.
These findings indicate the choice made by the Fillon government contrary to that of Mr de Villepin on biofuels, especially bioethanol (which would be just as harmful as oil on the greenhouse effect) with the plan launched by the E85 latest. The President of the Republic in the environmental Grenelle closing speech then provides for a study by ADEME, Agency for Environment and Energy Management, to raise or achieve the doubts the first-generation biofuels. However, he announced that the choice that seems most sensible is the second-generation biofuels that use other plants as food and other processes of fermentation and liquefaction of biomass (see this page: future energy solutions).
This converges to the myriad of environmental associations and environmental protection, has this Grenelle, which I doubt their democratic representation as to their operation often in the pay of one or a few individuals a contrario of trade unions or employers, or communities. I must say it was promised 20% of organic land by 2020 green productivism. It also converges to the position of the oil companies that are not prepared in terms of their industrial tools either for renovation, installation of new oil refining plants in Europe and the world. The decision of the French Government and the President of the Republic corresponds to the fact that industrial backwardness. With environmentalists in his pocket, it makes the game especially the happen (random) of oil, which is to happen in the refining of biomass. Liquefied, such as crude oil, it can be used directly in existing refineries with little modification, the technique of distillation and cracking being the same.
This analysis on biofuels, especially bioethanol is a close of about Michel Girard, former Director of Agricultural Development TOTAL I heard during the day agronomists of November 15 2005 to ESIGELEC, technological pole Madrillet of the University of Rouen: "In the geography of consumption, the focal point is Europe, not France. Europe is sorely lacking in diesel. Europe is surplus in essence. Where are you going? In the United States, which is cruelly deficient in gasoline. This situation explains the rise in oil prices because there are no refineries built in Europe or the United States for several decades. (...) Today when it is said that there is crude available, it is true, but it is crude of poor quality. If we distilled it in our refineries we would produce less than today. This would aggravate the crisis. (...), Because we depend, the Europeans and France in particular, entirely of Russia.
There is no political fear, but if (the Russians) are also developing their transport trucks, they will use first. That is the result of taxes and also CO2 because we know that consumes less diesel than petrol. The spirit, ultimately, it's a rather complex equation between Saudi Arabia, the low-end crude and refinery closures. (...) In our forecasts, we needed to expand our parameter of energy resources. Sure biomass is one. For us, the choice of various solutions is represented by four modules: the most extensive resources possible, agriculture and agricultural co-products, waste and transport techniques for all this. For example, we have forgotten how carrying firewood. And there are quite numerous processing technologies that are not yet any well controlled in order to obtain a range of products that will direct energy, being more efficient, recovery with cogeneration, in through all the fuels and chemical products. (...) Today biofuels are growing everywhere, but in Europe, it's a mess. This is an extremely heterogeneous tax policy. For us, not forgetting the struggles for delivery by pipeline and deposits that were extremely difficult to handle in Europe, biofuels are able to mix and be compatible with all the politics.
From there, we will take as many biofuels as agriculture can do. For agriculture, it will have a huge impact. I think there is no need for 25% of agricultural land to go for energy and chemistry. " (Day of Agricultural Engineers Rouen October 15 2005)
These comments are proof that the French environmental policy of the new government is behind the oil company Total.
The analysis that I submit is an aspect of university research I do on biofuels. However, it is as a citizen of what remains of Republic, I ask the elected representatives to intervene nearby government. Indeed, the current controversy over biofuels is bad for our economy and our environment. First-generation biofuels, in a development and a more reasonable than sustainable agriculture (sustainable from what?) in France can be a source of separate development entirely renewable subject to the use of inputs (chemicals for growing plants ) the least harmful and most biomass. Our farmers have every interest, as they are aware of preserving their watersheds and other territories, and their tool: Earth.
If as much oil only talk about global development, development of local need and vice versa.
For me, the current need is to go to a positive economy that combines democratic participation, economy and ecological science, and political will at the controls and not the financialization as today.
Get Gentlemen, my Republican salvation and my cordial greetings.