Nuclear fusion

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Research Cooperation for a new source of energy: the nuclear fusion.

Keywords: fusion, nuclear, ITER, energy, future, electricity, hydrogen plasma

Nuclear fusion research is in great flux: Europe has taken the next step in deciding to build the ITER fusion reactor at Cadarache. To support this project, researchers from the Julich research center joined forces with the universities of Bochum and Dusseldorf to found the ITER-relevant Plasma Boundary Physics Institute (IPBP). They want to connect their activities in this field even more closely and use their multiple know-how in a common way. A first meeting was held at the Physics Center in Bad Honnef in early December.

Because of the threat of shortage energetics which could happen during this century, the study and development of new sources of energy is of particular importance. The nuclear fusion, aiming to reproduce the mechanisms that occur on the sun (fusion of nuclei
Hydrogen Energy enormously liberating, fuel is also virtually inexhaustible), could become one of the new sources of energy.
The international fusion research has, through various experimental facilities, the physical principles for igniting the fusion fire were known. Researchers must now achieve a run of continuous way a fusion power plant that is economically viable. The next step in this direction is the international cooperation provided for for the construction of the experimental reactor ITER fusion of power 500 megawatts.

Continuous operation particularly depends on the faculty of the researchers achieve to master the load of the reactor walls so that they have a sufficient life duration. The fusion plasma reaches indeed several million degrees was close to the reactor walls.
Researchers in the nuclear fusion Julich research center have decided, jointly with the physicists plasmas of the university of the Ruhr - Bochum and the Heinrich Heine University of Dusseldorf, to study in detail the interactions between the hot plasma and the walls of
reactor in order to contribute to the success of the ITER project. The three universities will thus pooling their expertise and their different facilities to carry through this project supported by the Helmholtz Community.

contacts:
- Dr. Renee Dillinger - Forschungszentrum Julich, Julich 52425 - tel: + 49
2461 4771, Fax: + 49 2461 61 4666 - email:
r.dillinger@fz-juelich.de -
http://www.iter-boundary.de
Sources: Depeche IDW, Press release of the research center
Julich, 07 / 12 / 2004
Editor: Nicolas Condette,
nicolas.condette@diplomatie.gouv.fr

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