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Waste, recycling and reuse of old objectsWaste, a huge problem

Environmental impact of end of life products: plastics, chemicals, vehicles, agri-food marketing. direct recycling and recycling (upcycling or upcycling) and reuse of good items for the trash!
moinsdewatt
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Waste, a huge problem

Unread Messageby moinsdewatt » 15/05/18, 22:23

Submerged with waste, Moscow suffocates

By Ottilia Ferey, AFP Agency 15 / 05 / 2018

Russia produces nearly 70 million tons of waste a year, according to estimates by the environmental organization Greenpeace. Selective sorting exists only in about a hundred Russian cities and most waste has been accumulating for decades in increasingly polluting landfills.

Moscow suffocates. The waste accumulating in landfills, with their unpleasant odors and toxic waste, is insupporting the inhabitants of the periphery of the Russian capital. And incineration, a solution brandished by the authorities, is far from satisfying everyone. According to Greenpeace, over the last ten years the volume of waste in Russia has increased by 30%. Only 2% of this waste is incinerated and 7% recycled, while the rest is stored in landfills.

"Russia seems to realize the prediction of the physicist Niels Bohr that humanity will die by suffocating under its own waste," says a head of Greenpeace-Russia, Alexei Kisselov. In the vicinity of Moscow, 24 dumps have been closed in the last five years because they had reached maximum dimensions, while 15 others - huge stinking mountains in open skies - continue to receive new masses of polluting waste unsorted. "Most were created 50 years ago, without any gas treatment technology and wastewater" that ensue, recognizes the local Ministry of Ecology.
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Faced with this ecological disaster, the Russian government has promised to build five waste incineration plants: four in the Moscow region and one in Kazan, on the Volga. The first two plants, capable of incinerating 700.000 tons of waste per year and producing each 70 megawatts of electricity, must be completed in 2021 at Voskressensk, in the south-east of Moscow, and at Naro-Fominsk, in the Northeast. "The aim is to stop waste disposal in landfills," says Andrei Chipelov, director of RT-Invest, which is developing the project.
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http://www.lefigaro.fr/international/20 ... touffe.php
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moinsdewatt
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Re: Waste, a huge problem

Unread Messageby moinsdewatt » 16/05/18, 18:08

Putin will envy us this:

The new Suez sorting center in Limeil-Brévannes will sort 60 000 tons of waste per year

PATRICK DESAVY Factory New the 16 / 05 / 2018

Thanks to an investment of 15 million euros Suez has built in Limeil-Brevannes (Val-de-Marne) a new highly automated sorting center that will process 60 000 tons of waste per year.

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The new Suez sorting center in Limeil-Brévannes will sort 60 000 tons of waste per year.

The Suez group has inaugurated the 15 May, its new generation sorting center Limeil-Brevannes (Val-de-Marne) which represented an investment of 15 million euros and employs 90 employees according to Marie-Ange Debon, director France, Italy, Central and Eastern Europe of Suez.

The new center has a processing capacity of 60 000 tons of waste per year, twice as much as the equipment it replaces and which was installed on the same site. Already in full charge only a few months after commissioning, it can sort 13 different streams from household waste from a population basin of about one million inhabitants. The establishment can also handle the flows from the Parisian guidelines set up by Suez as part of the Réco project aimed at recovering plastic bottles and cans. Once sorted, the different types of waste (paper, wood, cardboard, metals, plastics, etc.) are oriented towards specialized recovery sectors.

"The characteristic of this equipment is to be innovative and very structured with a process very close to industrial processes," says Marie-Ange Debon. Thus, the technologies and equipment used (optical sorting, sorting by size and weight, sorting by magnets, etc.) make it possible to have a very high level of automaticity and speed.

The financing of the new plant was supported by Ademe and Citeo (a company born from the combination of Eco-Emballages and Ecofolio).


https://www.usinenouvelle.com/article/l ... an.N694139
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moinsdewatt
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Re: Waste, a huge problem

Unread Messageby moinsdewatt » 16/05/18, 21:34

E-waste: Thousands of illegal tons in Nigeria via used cars

Jacqueline Charpentier 20 April 2018 

An 2 study of used electrical and electronic equipment (UEEE) sent to Nigeria, mainly from European ports, revealed a serious problem of non-compliance with international and national rules governing these shipments.
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Used car filled with used electronic equipment most of which no longer works - Credit: UNU & BCCC-Africa

https://actualite.housseniawriting.com/ ... ion/26469/

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European e-waste sent illegally to Nigeria in used-market vehicles
UNU & BCCC-Africa

http://www.journaldelenvironnement.net/ ... ques,91408
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moinsdewatt
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Re: Waste, a huge problem

Unread Messageby moinsdewatt » 13/07/18, 20:49

Recycling is piling up in the United States because China does not want more

11 juilelt 2018

In recent months, the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Recycling Plant has a problem: it has to pay to get rid of the paper and plastic it sorts, instead of selling it. Because China does not buy anymore, saying that they are too "contaminated".

The 900 tons of recycling spilled by 24 dump trucks on 24, five days a week, on conveyor belts at the Elkridge plant, one hour from the US capital, are certainly not clean.

In an infernal mechanical din and a cloud of brown dust, dozens of gloved and masked workers, mostly women, remove from their expert hands a bazaar of rubbish, clothes, wooden objects, cables, tree branches. and the obsession with recyclers: plastic bags, which are not supposed to go into the bins to recycle because they get tangled in the machines.

The goal is to "decontaminate" to the maximum, that is to say on the one hand to strictly separate recyclables from non-recyclable waste, on the other hand to ensure that the final batteries of plastics, paper or cardboard contains no other material.

"We even had to slow down the machines and hire more people" to better decontaminate, says the manager, Michael Taylor.

At the end of sorting, large cubes of compacted waste (paper, cardboard, plastics ...) are produced. This waste has been purchased for decades by companies, mainly in China, who cleaned, milled and re-processed raw materials for industrialists. These importers closed their eyes when the plastic balls were too dirty or were not "pure" enough.

China, last year, bought more than half of the recyclable waste exported by the United States. Globally, since 1992, 72% of plastic waste has ended in China and Hong Kong, according to a study published in Science Advances.
But since January, Chinese borders have closed to most of the paper and plastic, a consequence of a new environmental policy in Beijing ... Chinese leaders saying they want to no longer be the trash of the planet, or even its dump.

For the rest, including metal or cardboard, Chinese inspectors have set a contamination rate of 0,5%, too low for current US technologies that can not sort the waste so accurately. The industry expects that almost all waste categories will be rejected by 2020.

- Brutal transition -

In Elkridge, the factory still sells its PET (plastic bottles) to a buyer in South Carolina, and its carton abroad. But mixed paper and plastic are worthless: it pays subcontractors to take them back.

Elsewhere in the United States, recyclers have resolved to a taboo act: they no longer sort the plastic and paper, which end up in landfills.

"Nobody wants to say it out loud because no one likes to do it," says Bill Caesar, head of WCA, a Houston-based company.

The American giants Republic Services and Waste Management have acknowledged having done punctually, as in Oregon. Small towns, especially in Florida, simply canceled the recycling collection.

The other importing countries, Indonesia, Vietnam or India, are unable to absorb the tens of millions of tonnes that China imported. And few American industrialists have the technology to process these materials.

"China has given the industry too little time to adapt," says Adina Renee Adler of the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, a large professional federation.

"We will soon have so much inventory that we will have to put more and more in landfills if we do not find new markets," said Darrell Smith, president of the National Waste and Recycling Association.

- More and more expensive -


The problem is beginning to be felt in cities when renegotiating municipal contracts. Especially since many cities have ambitious recycling targets - like Washington, which wants to go from 23% of household waste to 80%.

The capital is already paying 75 dollars to recycle a ton, against 46 dollars for garbage, which is burned to generate electricity.

"There was a time when it was cheaper to recycle but it's not the case," says Christopher Shorter, director of public works in Washington.

"Recycling is going to cost us more and more money," he warns.

To avoid financial penalties, the city wants to "educate" its citizens so that they stop putting in the blue bin the bad waste, such as plastic bags.

To reduce the amount of waste to be recycled or burned, she is considering the collection of organic waste, with a future third bin, and the construction of a composting plant. And she thinks to make pay the inhabitants to the weight of waste.

Even with these measures, Bill Caesar, in Houston, warns all Americans: it will soon pay more for "the privilege of recycling".


https://www.romandie.com/news/Le-recycl ... 935748.rom
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