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Agriculture: problems and pollution, new technologies and solutionsThe death of bees puts the world in danger

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bham
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The death of bees puts the world in danger

Unread Messageby bham » 31/08/07, 10:44


The death of bees puts the world in danger
[20 / 08 / 07] -

Bees are extinguished by billions in recent months. Their disappearance could spell the end of mankind.
This is an incredible epidemic of violence and a staggering scale, which is being spread from hive to hive on the planet. Part of a Florida farm last fall, she first won most US states and Canada and Europe to contaminate Taiwan last April. Everywhere, the same scenario is repeated: the billions, the bees leave the hive and never return. No corpse nearby. No visible predator, nor squatter yet ready to occupy the abandoned habitats.

Within months, between 60 90% and% of bees have vanished and the US where the latest estimates put 1,5 million (about 2,4 million hives in total) the number of colonies that have disappeared 27 States. In Quebec, 40% of hives are reported missing.

In Germany, according to the National Association of Beekeepers, a quarter of colonies has been decimated with losses up to 80% in some farms. Same in Switzerland, Italy, Portugal, Greece, Austria, Poland, England, where the syndrome was named "phenomenon" Marie Celeste "," the name of the ship whose crew vanished in 1872. In France, where beekeepers have experienced heavy losses since 1995 (between 300.000 and 400.000 bees each year) to ban the offending pesticide, Gaucho, on corn and sunflower fields, the epidemic has also taken for more, with losses of up to 15 95%% according to livestock.

"Collapse syndrome"
Legitimately worried, scientists have found a name for the measurement of these mass desertions: the "collapse disorder" - or "colony collapse disorder". They have reason to be concerned: 80% of plant species need bees to be fertilized. Without them, no pollination, and almost any fruits and vegetables. "Three quarters of the crops that feed humanity depends," says Bernard Vaissière specialist pollinators at INRA (National Institute for Agricultural Research). 60 arrival on Earth millions of years before man, Apis mellifera (honey bee) is also essential for the economy to survive. In the United States, where 90 food crops are pollinated by bees, crops that depend on it are estimated at 14 billion.

Should the blame pesticides? A new microbe? The proliferation of electromagnetic emissions disrupting magnetite nanoparticles in the abdomen of bees? "Instead a combination of these agents," says Professor Joe Cummins of the Ontario university. In a statement released this summer by the Institute Isis (Institute of Science in Society), an NGO based in London, known for its critical positions on the race to scientific progress, he states that "evidence suggests that parasitic fungi used to biological control, and some pesticides neonicotinoid, and interact synergistically to cause the destruction of bees. " To avoid uncontrollable spreading, new generations of insecticides coat the seed to penetrate systemically throughout the plant, until the pollen that bees bring to the hive, they poison. Even at low concentrations, says the professor, the use of such pesticides destroys the immune system of bees. By cascading effect, intoxicated by the main active ingredient used - imidacloprid (duty paid by Europe, but widely disputed overseas and in France, it is distributed by Bayer under different brands: Gaucho, Merit, Admire, Confidore, Hachikusan, Premise, Advantage ...) - the bees would become vulnerable to the insecticidal activity of fungal pathogens in addition sprayed on crops.

foraging apathetic
For proof, says the researcher, parasitic fungi Nosema of the family are present in quantities of swarms during the collapse where foragers, apathetic, were found infected with half a dozen of viruses and microbes.

Most of the time, these mushrooms are incorporated to chemical pesticides to combat locusts (Nosema locustae), some moths (Nosema bombycis) or the European corn borer (Nosema pyrausta). But they also travel along the paths opened by market exchanges, like Nosema ceranae, a parasite carried by the Asian bees has contaminated its Western counterparts killed in days.

This is what has just demonstrated in a study on DNA from several bees Mariano Higes research team based in Guadalajara, the province east of Madrid famous for being the birthplace of the honey industry Spanish. "This parasite is the most dangerous of the family, he says. It can withstand both heat and cold that infects a swarm in two months. We believe 50% of our hives are contaminated. "Now Spain, which account 2,3 million hives, is home to a quarter of honeybees to the European Union.

The cascading effect does not stop there: he also would play between these parasitic fungi and biopesticides produced by genetically modified plants, says Professor Joe Cummins. It has thus demonstrated that moth larvae infected with Nosema pyrausta have a forty five times higher sensitivity to certain toxins that healthy larvae. "The regulatory authorities have treated the decline of bees with a narrow approach and narrow, ignoring evidence that pesticides act synergistically with other destructive elements", he accuses concluded. It is not only to sound the alarm. Without massive systemic pesticide ban, the planet might witness another collapse disorder, scientists fear: that of the human species. It was fifty years ago, Einstein had already emphasized the dependency relationship from foraging to man: "If the bee disappeared from the world, he had predicted, the man would have only four years to live . "
PAUL MOLGA
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Unread Messageby gegyx » 31/08/07, 11:38

This is, to what yet know, we'll see the ability of leaders to address this problem.
Problem, immensely more serious, that the enrichment of uranium by Iran, but that seems to be yet, the current priority of our "brains" ...
I still hear this morning, a statistician announce that the rotten climate this year on the planet, was not necessarily a consequence of global warming ...
He just has to see the simulation of NASA until 2006 2008 ... In everything will be red!
I was told, a word of a "fire cutter" (that treats a serious burn on his arm, in a week by his magnetism), he was very busy at the moment, to "heal the planet "... with his gift, surely per share thoughts with other wise men on the planet who join their positive and redemptive thoughts to mitigate existing damage.
Well, he adds, the people, by 4 years, will have other critical concerns, as those who run them right now ...
Survival Concerns ...
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Unread Messageby Christophe » 31/08/07, 12:15

gegyx wrote:Well, he adds, the people, by 4 years, will have other critical concerns, as those who run them right now ...
Survival Concerns ...


That brings us to ... 2012 : Cry:

ps: NASA is not a simulation but an animation of recorded temp real this is not an Nth study on the future of global warming but the facts on the present and past climate ...

For those who have not yet seen: https://www.econologie.com/animation-du- ... -3426.html
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Unread Messageby renaud67 » 31/08/07, 12:54

2012 year é ... sotérique : Cheesy:
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Unread Messageby Christophe » 31/08/07, 17:38

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Re: The death of bees puts the planet in danger

Unread Messageby the middle » 01/09/07, 10:49

10 years ago, I was ten hives, I was very glad I attended classes for two years, to know well what "job"
Result, I realized that bees are being attacked from all sides.
I was advised to put pesticides into the hives, no guarantee of results ...
Gradually, the number of bees decreased, and I did not like putting chemicals product wafers in honey frames.
Well ... I stopped ....
Finished, I leave it to a friend to sell me honey, I did not dare ask him how he does ....
It's life...
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bham
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Re: The death of bees puts the planet in danger

Unread Messageby bham » 01/09/07, 14:21

lejustemilieu wrote: I was advised to put pesticides into the hives, no guarantee of results ...
Gradually, the number of bees decreased, and I did not like putting chemicals product wafers in honey frames ....

Uh, can you explain that? The interest to pesticides in a hive ???
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the middle
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Re: The death of bees puts the planet in danger

Unread Messageby the middle » 01/09/07, 23:11

bham wrote:
lejustemilieu wrote: I was advised to put pesticides into the hives, no guarantee of results ...
Gradually, the number of bees decreased, and I did not like putting chemicals product wafers in honey frames ....

Uh, can you explain that? The interest to pesticides in a hive ???

Simply, to kill a little beast that destroys the apiary, which is called the varroa ....
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Unread Messageby Flytox » 01/09/07, 23:29

Bonjour à tous

Some beekeepers thrive on antibiotics to "heal" the bees (the Varroa?). Of course after those found in honey. : Shock:

This is a phenomenon that we "help" to select the strains of microbes resistant to antibiotics. So it will make ineffective drugs for us. : Evil:

Mass death of bees, this is a subject of the Grenelle of the environment?

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Unread Messageby I Citro » 01/09/07, 23:45

Flytox wrote:Mass death of bees, this is a subject of the Grenelle of the environment?


It should imperatively be included ...

But I do not think a merchant nuclear plant dictators is very concerned about such small beasts that relate not much although it is not necessary to give them a salary (without work more earn more)

We have already touched on the forum slavery and immigration bee California. It awakens in full hibernation bees are transported over thousands of kilometers to pollinate almond trees.
Must Read one-completed-well-the-bees
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