Europe: CO2 emissions by country and by electric kWh


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What are the releases of carbon dioxide, CO2 by respective electric kWh in France and among our main European neighbors?

Learn more: visit CO2 and climate change forum

These figures are taken from the following book: Thermodynamics engineer: Energy - Environment by Francis Miller and published by Wiley

thermodynamics engineer
Click to discover this book

Page 289, 8.2 table.
national average values ​​for emissions per kWh electric CO2 for different countries (source IEA)

  • Sweden: CO0,04 2 kg / kWh elec.
  • France: CO0,09 2 kg / kWh elec.
  • Austria: CO0,20 2 kg / kWh elec.
  • Finland: CO0,24 2 kg / kWh elec.
  • Belgium: CO0,29 2 kg / kWh elec.
  • Spain: CO0,48 2 kg / kWh elec.
  • Italy: CO0,59 2 kg / kWh elec.
  • Germany: CO0,60 2 kg / kWh elec.
  • Netherlands: CO0,64 2 kg / kWh elec.
  • Greece: CO0,64 2 kg / kWh elec.
  • UK: CO0,64 2 kg / kWh elec.
  • Portugal: CO0,64 2 kg / kWh elec.
  • Ireland: CO0,70 2 kg / kWh elec.
  • Denmark: CO0,84 2 kg / kWh elec.
  • Luxembourg: CO1,08 2 kg / kWh elec.

Average of Europe 15: 0,46 CO2 kg / kWh elec.

some analyzes


  • This ranking date 2003 but these values ​​have changed very little since, for example the construction of a wind farm has an extremely minimal effect in releases of a country unless that country is very small, as for example Monaco . 2 see diagrams below for Germany between 1990 and 2005.
  • Ideas have a hard time: on the CO2, Germany is far from being so clean compared to the "ecological" image that it conveys
  • Denmark, king of the wind power often presented as an EXAMPLE of sustainable development, is one of the countries that emits the most CO2 to produce its electricity, the fault "with no wind" (small oil or gas power plants so very polluting are started)
  • CO2 rate is directly linked, of course, the nature of the energy source to produce electricity, so if the hydraulic and nuclear power is the cleanest in the CO2 (this is also the one and only ecological argument of the nuclear industry), coal is the dirtiest. And there are still a multitude of coal, especially in England and Germany, the 2 major industrialized countries in this ranking with France. For more details see chart below.

source and nature of the German electricity production

Nature and sources of the German electricity production

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