Report on the life of nuclear power plants and new types of nuclear reactors
Parliamentary Report of the National Assembly, 2003.
This report 363 .pdf pages is a technical and economic inventory of civilian nuclear technology for electricity generation and includes 3 essential parts:
Chap. 1: Managing the life of the plants, an essential element of the optimization of the park, but not a sufficient element.
Chap. 2: EPR reactors and other 2015, link the parks today and tomorrow.
Chap. 3: Important R & D effort needed to succeed at the 2035 horizon, the development of other project reactors.
This is the 6 2002 November that the Economic Affairs Commission of the Environment and Territory of the National Assembly before the Parliamentary Office for Evaluation of Scientific and technological choice of a study on "the duration of life of nuclear power plants and new types of reactors. "
Appointed on November 20 2002, your Rapporteurs, under the procedure of the Office, prepared a feasibility study finding an effective opportunity to make a report on the matter within a few months. After this study was adopted on December 4 by the Parliamentary Office, the Rapporteurs were immediately put to work.
Some figures to quantify the work of preparation of this report: 110 hours of formal hearings in France and abroad, including a public hearing day 4 countries studied with multiple meetings on site, Finland, Sweden, Germany , United States, 180 people interviewed, many hours of informal discussions.
As is the practice increasingly common in the Parliamentary Office, a steering committee, whose members are gratefully acknowledged here, but whose responsibility is in no way bound by this text, provided effective help for select personalities to audition, identify key issues and analyze information provided by the interlocutors.
The text of the referral to the Economic Affairs Committee is clear. Accordingly, this report is neither the object to paint the picture of the pros and cons of nuclear power or to indicate if France would benefit in the future, reduce the share of nuclear in production 'electricity.
This report, in contrast, aim to answer simple but fundamental questions for the French electricity production.
What are the phenomena that can limit the operating life of nuclear power plants? How can we fight against the aging process, at what price and under what conditions of safety?
Moreover, if the political decision is made to renew our power plants, on which date he will start doing it? What are the available technologies as an extension of current technologies, or rather out with channels currently in use, and when?
For the country's nuclear operator EDF and what the public service of electricity to which the French are attached irrespective of their political affiliation, the life of the reactors currently in service is about tens of billions of euros.
The Parliamentary Office was in the first 1999 to put this issue on the public square, an issue that has a financial impact not only on the EDF's accounts, but also on the cost of electricity which we we have other consumers .
Beyond the situation of EDF and the electricity markets, operate reactors already amortized over the economic and financial plan for a period of 30, 40 or 50 years is indeed far from being indifferent to the competitiveness of French economy as a whole.
Similarly, France has built a nuclear industry which is one of its strengths in global competition is a source of jobs and in the future which we need to address so that it can offer to the country, when appropriate and where applicable, effective solutions to our energy supply.
Choosing an electricity production technology has always been of critical importance and great difficulty. We have seen in our country at the end of 1960 years, when it took effect a drastic revision of our choices and give up the graphite-gas sector for the benefit of pressurized water reactors. Certainly, the question of the life of nuclear power plants merit our attention.
France is committed since the beginning of the year in the preparation of guidance bill on energy, provided by the law of February 10 2000 on the modernization and development of the public electricity service.
As part of the national debate calendar organized by the Government, the report of the Parliamentary Office aims to contribute to the reflection of Parliament and of our fellow citizens on identifying timelines for our power plants and the choice of technology for its renewal.