Sustainable development: what is it?
In 1987, the World Commission on Environment and Development, called Brundtland Commission (named after its chair), gave a definition of sustainable development which is now recognized worldwide. This is a development that "can meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."
Future generations, as current generations have a right to an intact environment. Sustainability however is not synonymous with the environmental protection. Economic prosperity, as well as protecting the natural foundations of life, are necessary for the satisfaction of our material and immaterial needs. Only a cohesive society will be able to fairly distribute economic goods, to preserve the values of our societies and to a measured use of natural resources. Sustainable development requires equal treatment of its three components that are environment, economy and society.
Sustainable development has three dimensions (environmental, economic and social). Respect the needs of future generations and solidarity with the poor countries are the other key elements of this concept.