Castor swallows CO2: new lethal weapon against greenhouse gases?


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Yesterday was the launch in Denmark the first installation in the world to remove carbon dioxide fumes escaping from a coal power plant. Perhaps a significant advance in the fight against greenhouse gases.

It happened the 15 March in Denmark, precisely on the site of the central Esbjerg. The event is of importance since it suggests a solution to help significantly reduce emissions of greenhouse gas causing global warming. Opened yesterday, Castor, an industrial pilot called "capture CO2" conducted under the auspices of the IFP (French Petroleum Institute) and the European Commission, is simply the first plant to capture carbon dioxide even the smoke from a power plant to store it in the basement.

Objective: bury 10% of the product in Europe CO2

How to limit the volume of CO2 released from industrial facilities such as cement plants, power plants or refineries? The latter would be responsible for more than 60% of global emissions of greenhouse gas. The idea has long been on the bench, is to recover the gas where it is produced, that is to say directly to the offending factories, and reinjecting it into the basement before it released into the atmosphere. This is known as track "capture and storage": "most promising" by the IFP.

But if on paper it's simple, in reality it faces particular problems of cost, Castor seems to solve. This program, launched in 2004, brings thirty partners coordinated by IFP to design by 2008 technologies to capture and store no less than 10% of CO2 issued in Europe or 30% of emissions from large installations industrial.

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