The strong energy dependence of the United States and the continued rise in oil prices led the US administration to open protected areas since 20 years in Alaska. The environmental impact of such a decision, denounced for years by environmental organizations, is yet known: loss of biodiversity, global warming and affect the survival of populations in this region.
In Alaska, the opening of protected areas to oil drilling continues. President Bush estimates that 10 billion barrels can be extracted from the Arctic National Wildlife zone, and says it "almost without impact on the environment and wildlife." Besides the environmental aspect, the Democratic senators - who voted against the text - denounced the economic absurdity of these new drilling. John Kerry said that "this measure would have no effect on the country's energy supply over the long term," while Democratic Senator Richard Durbin estimated the potential oil output at only 2,5% of the US needs. United.