The strong energy dependence of the United States and the continued rise in oil prices led the US administration to open protected areas since 20 years in Alaska. The environmental impact of such a decision, denounced for years by environmental organizations, is yet known: loss of biodiversity, global warming and affect the survival of populations in this region.
In Alaska, the opening of protected areas to oil drilling continues. President Bush believes that 10 billion barrels can be extracted from the Arctic National Wildlife Area, and he said "almost no impact on the environment and wildlife." Besides the environmental aspect, -which Democratic senators voted against the text - have denounced the economic absurdity of these new holes. John Kerry has said that "this measure would have no effect on energy sourcing in the country over the long term," while Democratic Senator Richard Durbin estimated the potential oil prodution only 2,5% of the needs of States United.